2023-11-30   来源:高一上





It is agreed that ______ widely is one of the most effective ways to enlarge our vocabulary.

A.readingB.readC.readsD.having read

In my school, English is compulsory (必修) for all students, but French and Spanish are ___.


Joining the company as a clerk (职员), he got rapid promotion (晋升), and ______ working as a manager.

A.ended upB.came acrossC.settled forD.focused on

I am determined to have a try ______ it means risking losing everything.

A.now thatB.as thoughC.as long asD.even though

It was difficult to get a word in. Everyone ______ so excitedly about the new film.

A.had talkedB.talkedC.was talkingD.would talk

--- What’s wrong? You look pale.

--- Nothing serious. I’m just feeling ______ tired after the long walk.

A.lots ofB.a bit ofC.plenty ofD.kind of

I still remember the moment ______ I first saw him after his operation.



??? I don’t know why the train was unusually full today. I sat down in the only seat _____? beside a middle-aged man who had his head down and seemed to be lost in ______. I was glad that he didn’t notice me as he just ______ to look down towards the floor.

Shortly after the train left I found myself ______ what this man was thinking about. What could be so ______ that he didn’t even see me sit next to him? I tried to forget about it and started to read my paper. ______, some inner voice kept encouraging me to talk to this man. I tried to ______ but I failed.

Finally I ______ an excuse to ask him a question. When he ______ his head and turned his eyes towards me I could see that he must have been really ______. I can’t describe the sadness which was so ______. We talked for about 20 minutes and in the end he seemed to be doing ______. As we were leaving the train he thanked me again and again.

Several weeks later, when I watched TV at home, I received a strange ______, which only had the word Angel written on it. After I read it I was ______ touched (感动). It was a letter from the man I met on the ______. That day he planned to ______ his life. In his letter, he went on to ______ that he had said to God that if God really ______ him he would send someone to prevent him killing himself. In his eyes I was that Angel sent by God.

I don’t know what that voice was that made me take a ______ and talk to a stranger but I do know that it made a ______ in someone’s life that day. So the next time you hear your inner voice, just listen to it.








8.A.call forB.ask forC.came up withD.make up for










18.A.called onB.cared aboutC.sent forD.gave up




??? Last night was the last game for my eight-year-old son’s soccer team. It was the final quarter. The score was two to one, my son’s team in the lead. Parents surrounded the playground, offering encouragement.

With less than ten seconds remaining, the ball suddenly rolled in front of my son’s teammate Mickey O’Donnel. With shouts of “Kick it!” echoing across the playground, Mickey turned around and gave it everything he had. All around me the crowd erupted (沸腾). O’Donnel had scored!

Then there was silence. Mickey had scored all right, but in the wrong goal, ending the game in a tie. For a moment there was a total hush. You see, Mickey has Down syndrome (唐氏综合症) and for him there is no such thing as a wrong goal. All goals were celebrated by a joyous hug from Mickey. He had even been known to hug the opposing players when they scored.

The silence was finally broken when Mickey, his face filled with joy, hugged my son tightly and shouted, “I scored! I scored. Everybody won! Everybody won!” For a moment I held my breath, not sure how my son would react. I need not have worried. I watched, through tears, as my son threw up his hand in the classic high-five salute and started chanting, “Way to go Mickey! Way to go Mickey!” Within moments both teams surrounded Mickey, joining in the chant and congratulating him on his goal.

Later that night, when my daughter asked who had won, I smiled as I replied. “It was a tie. Everybody won.”

1.What was the result of the soccer match?

A.Two to two, equal to both the teams.

B.Three to one in Mickey’s team’s favor.

C.Two to one in the opposite team’s favor.

D.Nobody won because of Mickey’s goal.

2.The underlined word “hush” in paragraph 3 means “________”.



3.What did the author worry about when Mickey scored and hugged his son?

A.The result would disappoint his son.

B.His son would shout at Mickey for his goal.

C.Mickey would again hug the opposing players.

D.The opposite team would laugh at Mickey’s goal.

4.It can be inferred from the passage that ________.

A.both teams liked and respected Mickey

B.both teams were thankful for Mickey’s goal

C.Mickey didn’t mind though his goal was wrong

D.Mickey was a kind-hearted boy and hoped everybody won

5.The purpose of the author in writing the passage is ________.

A.to tell a joke to make readers laugh

B.to suggest we should not mind losing

C.to show enjoying a game is more than winning a game

D.to present his son’s fine qualities of understanding others

??? I must have always known reading was very important because the first memories I have as a child deal with books. There was not one night that I don’t remember mom reading me a storybook by my bedside. I was extremely inspired by the elegant way the words sounded.

I always wanted to know what my mom was reading. Hearing mom say, “I can’t believe what’s printed in the newspaper this morning,” made me want to grab it out of her hands and read it myself. I wanted to be like my mom and know all of the things she knew. So I carried around a book, and each night, just to be like her, I would pretend to be reading.

This is how everyone learned to read. We would start off with sentences, then paragraphs, and then stories. It seemed an unending journey, but even as a six-year-old girl I realized that knowing how to read could open many doors. When mom said, “The C-A-N-D-Y is hidden on the top shelf,” I knew where the candy was. My progress in reading raised my curiosity, and I wanted to know everything. I often found myself telling my mom to drive more slowly, so that I could read all of the road signs we passed.

Most of my reading through primary, middle and high school was factual reading. I read for knowledge, and to make A’s on my tests. Occasionally, I would read a novel that was assigned, but I didn’t enjoy this type of reading. I liked facts, things that are concrete. I thought anything abstract left too much room for argument.

Yet, now that I’m growing and the world I once knew as being so simple is becoming more complex, I find myself needing a way to escape. By opening a novel, I can leave behind my burdens and enter into a wonderful and mysterious world where I am now a new character. In these worlds I can become anyone. I don’t have to write down what happened or what technique the author was using when he or she wrote this. I just read to relax.

We’re taught to read because it’s necessary for much of human understanding. Reading is a vital part of my life. Reading satisfies my desire to keep learning. And I’ve found that the possibilities that lie within books are limitless.

1.Why did the author want to grab the newspaper out of mom’s hands?

A.She wanted mom to read the news to her.

B.She was anxious to know what had happened.

C.She couldn’t wait to tear the newspaper apart.

D.She couldn’t help but stop mom from reading.

2.According to Paragraph 3, the author’s reading of road signs indicates ________.

A.her unique way to locate herself

B.her eagerness to develop her reading ability

C.her effort to remind mom to obey traffic rules

D.her growing desire to know the world around her

3.What was the author’s view on factual reading?

A.It would help her test-taking skills.

B.It would allow much room for free thinking.

C.It would provide true and objective information.

D.It would help shape a realistic and serious attitude to life.

4.The author takes novel reading as a way to ________.

A.explore a fantasy land

B.develop a passion for learning

C.learn about the adult community

D.get away from a confusing world

5.What could be the best title for the passage?

A.The Magic of Reading

B.The Pleasure of Reading

C.Growing Up with Reading

D.Reading Makes a Full Man

??? Why do we dream? It’s a question researchers have been studying for years. Now new research suggests that some dreams may result from the brain’s effort to keep learning, even as we sleep.

In a study in Boston, 100 volunteers were trained for an hour on a maze (迷宫). They tried to find their way through the difficult puzzle as quickly as possible. Then half of the volunteers were allowed to sleep for 90 minutes. The other half stayed awake, reading or relaxing. The ones who slept were asked to describe their dreams when they woke up.

After the rest, the volunteers were asked again to solve the maze. Those who hadn’t slept showed no improvement or did even worse after the break. Sleepers who didn’t report any maze-related dreams did better but showed only a little improvement. However, 4 nap-takers who reported dreaming about maze showed a surprising improvement. They scored 10 times higher after sleeping and dreaming about the maze.

Even though the number of dreamers was small, the researchers noted that the gap in learning between the dreamers and the non-dreamers was so wide that the finding was significant.

The dreamers had all performed poorly on the test before dreaming about it. That suggests that struggling with a task might be the trigger that leads the sleeping brain to focus on it and work on how to deal with it.

“It’s almost as if your brain is going through everything that happened today,” Dr. Stickgold, a scientist at Harvard Medical School, said, “The things you are obsessed (着迷的) with are the ones that your brain forces you to continue to do with. ”

1.What’s the best title of the passage?

A.Learning while you dream.B.What dreams stand for.

C.Dream a good dream.D.Dreams and health.

2.What were the volunteers asked to do after the rest?

A.To work on a new maze.

B.To continue to do the maze.

C.To talk with each other about their dreams.

D.To tell what they thought about the maze.

3.According to the study, which group showed the greatest improvement?

A.Those who didn’t sleep.

B.Those who slept but didn’t dream.

C.Those who dreamed about the maze while sleeping.

D.Those who thought about the maze before falling asleep.

4.The underlined word “trigger” in paragraph 5 probably means ________.



5.In which part of a newspaper would you most probably read this passage?





要求:1. 日记体裁,时间自拟,星期和日期要写完整单词;

2. 记述一件发生在家庭成员之间的事件, 要有细节描写;

3. 要有自己对这件事情的看法或感受;

4. 提示:注意体裁和时态;

5. 字数:80个单词左右。



--- Dad, I have decided not to go to university.

--- ______ What about your future career as a lawyer?

A.It’s up to you.B.Good luck with college!

C.You can’t be serious!D.Are you jumping in with both feet?

The chairman remained silent ______ the whole debate.


The twins, who ______ their homework, were allowed to play badminton outside.

A.will finishB.finishC.have finishedD.had finished




What is the woman

A.A student.B.A teacher.C.A saleswoman.

What will the man do on Friday

A.See a film.B.Attend a lecture.C.Go to the theater.

Which character is the woman’s favorite in Friends


What is the man complaining about

A.His career.B.His health.C.His kid.

Whom will the man celebrate the festival with

A.His brother.B.His parents.C.His grandparents.



1.What’s the woman doing

A.Making an invitation.B.Asking for help.C.Giving advice.

2.What does the man plan to do today

A.Play tennis.B.Go on a trip.C.Help Emily study.


1.How much is a ticket


2.When should the woman collect the tickets at the latest

A.At 6:00 pm.B.At 7:00 pm.C.At 8:00 pm.


1.How many people are there in Peter’s family


2.When do the whole family walk the dog

A.On Friday.B.On Saturday.C.On Sunday.

3.What does Peter do at home

A.Do the laundry.B.Cook food.C.Sweep the floor.


1.What is the weather like today


2.What does the man like doing most

A.Playing in the pool.B.Playing computer games.C.Reading books.

3.How often does the man do exercise

A.Hardly ever.B.Once a week.C.Twice a week.

4.Where will the speakers be next Saturday night

A.In a cinema.B.In a bookstore.C.At the woman’s house.



1.What is the speaker

A.A teacher.B.An editor.C.A student.

2.What is necessary for a volunteer

A.Communication skills.B.High scores.C.Experience.

3.What’s the best reason for taking the job

A.To learn to write.B.To make money.C.To have fun.

4.When are volunteers expected to start working

A.Right after the meeting.B.Tomorrow.C.Next week.


Many people like traveling, but they cannot take their dogs wherever they go. Some people let their dogs stay alone at home while others ask someone else to take care of their pets. If you’re leaving your beloved pet at home for a holiday, it can turn into a bad experience. Luckily, you don’t have to worry about your dogs anymore because Rover can cover for you while you are on leave. Rover is the latest service to offer athome dog boarding. It’s a good alternative (替代物) to boarding your dog at a dog boarding kennel (狗舍) or your neighbor’s house.

The way Rover works is sort of like Airbnb. Dog owners surf the Rover website or app for pet sitters (照看者), which can be organized by zip code (邮政编码) and available dates. Information of pet sitters is provided, complete with many reviews, specific services and rates. Now Rover has over 25,000 pet sitters in more than 5,000 US cities. And they’re all experienced pet sitters.

After finding someone that meets your needs, just send messages to the pet sitter to arrange a meeting. Then, like Rover says, all that is left to do is relax! Rover’s pet sitters are encouraged to send text and picture information throughout the day, and if there’s a medical emergency, the site will send a vet (兽医). Besides, don’t worry about a pet sitter who fails to help you, because someone else will soon take his or her place.

Happy doggie, happy travels―that sounds good to us. To learn more about Rover, click here.

1.What kind of service does Rover mainly provide

A.Helping people take care of their dogs.B.Helping parents look after their kids.

C.Telling people where to travel to.D.Providing information about dogs.

2.According to Paragraph 2, we can know about a pet sitter through .

A.sending emails

B.making phone calls

C.asking other dog owners

D.looking at information on Rover

3.What is a Rover pet sitter encouraged to do

A.Walk the dog every day.

B.Learn some first aid skills.

C.Call the pet owner anytime.

D.Provide the latest information about the dog.

An earthquake is one of the most common natural disasters. It may cause great damage. So it is wise to learn some simple safety tips to protect yourself or your family members.

Fragile items like those made of glass are easily broken and should usually be placed on a lower surface, near the ground instead of placing them in the cupboards higher up. Never place them near your bed, sofas and other furniture where you would be sitting or lying down. When there is a strong movement, these pieces will fall on the floor directly and not on you.

There is a strong chance of short circuits (短路) and fire during an earthquake. Make sure you turn off electrical connections and gas immediately when an earthquake happens.

During an earthquake, lie beneath an object that is not easily damaged. Do not go near objects that could directly fall on you. Never use the elevator to go down. Stay inside until the shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. Research has shown that most injuries happen when people inside buildings try to go out. Use the staircases at all times.

If you are outdoors, do not take shelter under a tree, streetlights, electric poles or tall buildings. If you are driving, stop your car and stay in a safe place. Do not park your car under a tree or any tall object.

If trapped in debris (瓦砾堆), cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. Tap on a pipe or the wall so that rescuers (营救人员) can find you. Use a whistle (哨子) if one is available. Never shout for help. Shouting can cause you to breathe in dangerous amounts of dust. Do not light a match because you may burn yourself. Do not move about or kick up dust.

1.The purpose of the passage is to tell readers .

A.what to do in earthquakes

B.how to prevent earthquakes

C.the damage caused by earthquakes

D.the rescue work after earthquakes

2.The underlined word “Fragile” in Paragraph 2 probably means “_”.

A.Easily foundB.ExpensiveC.Easily brokenD.Heavy

3.During the earthquake, people are advised to .

A.take shelter under a tree

B.drive to a safe place quickly

C.go out of the building at once

D.turn off electricity and gas immediately

Physical education, or PE, isn’t required for all high school students. In some schools, it isn’t offered for some different reasons. But should high school students have physical educationThe answer is certainly “yes”.

Today many people don’t do sports. But as is known to all, doing sports is very important for an adult. Teaching teens the importance of a healthy lifestyle and making fitness plans now can help teens put exercise in the first place as an adult.

High school isn’t that easy. Many students are under a lot of stress. Stress can be harmful to a student’s studies and life. Doing sports can help them deal with stress better, helping them live a happier life at school.

The American Heart Association says that 10 million kids and teens suffer from obesity (肥胖症). Teens should get 60 minutes of physical activity per day to control their weight and to help their bones get stronger. The increase in activities that don’t get teens to move around, such as video games and computer activities, means many teens don’t get their required exercise. PE classes act as a public health measure to encourage physical activities and help teens have healthy weights.

Not doing sports increases teens’ risk of developing many diseases. An active lifestyle offers a good way of protection from these health problems. As much as 75 percent of health-care spending goes toward treating medical conditions that can be hindered by lifestyle changes, according to the American College of Sports Medicine.

According to the President’s Council on Fitness, Sports and Nutrition (PCFSN), students who performed five hours of physical activity each week improved their academic (学业的.) performance. Students from programs with no physical activity, who used the extra time for classroom study, did not perform better on tests than those who gave up some study time in support of physical education.

1.According to Paragraph 2, what does physical education in high school mean

A.Making teens attach importance to exercise later.B.Removing the stress faced by teens at school.

C.Getting teens to encourage adults to exercise.D.Helping teens learn to make good plans.

2.What does the underlined word “hindered” in Paragraph 5 mean


3.According to the PCFSN, doing sports .

A.means making students choose between sports and studies

B.helps students make good use of all their time

C.means students adjust to their studies better

D.helps students do better in their studies

4.What is the text mainly about

A.Why high school students should receive physical education.B.Why some schools consider physical education important.

C.How schools can help students love doing sports.D.How high school students can live a better life.


How to Be a Good Tourist

We travel not only for work but also for fun and learning. Restaurants, galleries, temples and architecture...These places are like homes for people who live and work there. How would you want visitors to behave in your own home1. There are many ways of doing this without sacrificing our own holiday.

Do your homework. 2. Guides will help you when you get to the site, but is that the best place to goIs it popular only because the one-day tourist can see it easily or because it is really a worthwhile place to visit?You’d better check it out.

3. Walk around, even if in the streets closest to your hotel. Eat in local restaurants. Talk to the locals. Learn a few in the local language and use them. You will surely get a smile from the hotel staff and street sellers.

Help preserve the sites. Most of the sites you visit may be visited by millions of people a year, so care needs to be taken to allow others to enjoy them as well. Some of these monuments are so old and fragile that they are sensitive to the touch of hands or bags and shows. 4. This way, you don’t encourage the use of those plastic bags that fly all over many sites.

And here’s the big one ― good manners are nearly universal. 5. If that doesn’t sound like you, then give the world a break and stay home.

A. Experience the place.

B. Always have a cloth bag with you.

C. Read about the places you want to visit.

D. Try to buy something from the local stores.

E. A good tourist is polite, positive and eco-sensitive.

F. We’ve cleaned up after ourselves and taken only good memories.

G. I think we would like them to make it a little better because of their visit.


Have you ever had problems in your life and don’t know how to be happyIf ____, you will find “Being a Happy Teenager” by Australian writer Andrew Matthews ____.

In his book, Matthews ____ us how to have a happy life and answers the ____ of teenagers.

Matthews writes about many ____ in the book, such as parents and friends, and the book ___ we should stop being angry and learn to forgive. The book tells us of useful skills ___ how to put what you have learned into pictures of your mind to ____ your memory better.

Many teenagers think ____ happiness comes from a good exam result, ____ praise from other people. But you can ____ be happy even when there are no such “good” things. Success comes from a(n) ____ attitude. If you ____ from problems, you will have success in the future.

Some school students have ____ of being too tall or too short. But Matthews tells us that ___ comes from thinking about things in a positive ____. If you are ____, people notice you and you can get a ____ view at the movie; if you are short, your clothes and shoes ____ less room in your bedroom! This is Matthews’ most important ____: you choose to be happy!






















阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(每空一词)或括号内单词的正确形式(不多于3 个单词)。

Peru is a country in South America 1.three main areas and it used to 2. (control) by Spain for more than 200 years. It is for this reason 3.Spanish is the main official language of Peru.

Thousands of people 4.(attract) to Peru every year by its beautiful 5. (sight), such as the unique plants and animals to the Amazon rainforest, the buildings in Machu Picchu, and so on. People also love to experience the local Indian culture at Cusco while visiting the museums and 6. (enjoy) the excellent local food.

Lake Titicaca is one of the most famous tourist 7. (destination) in Peru. People can enjoy the beautiful countryside by driving along the new highway 8.(connect) Cusco to Lake Titicaca.

All in all, people can experience everything in Peru, from the ancient Inca culture to 9. (deeply) rainforests. No wonder so many people take package tours around Peru every year. Will you come if you have 10. chance to visit this wonderful countryI’ll do.


假定你是李华,你和父母决定春节期间到桂林旅游,请你给你的英国笔友 Jack 写封信, 介绍相关情况。要点如下:



3.你的准备:上网了解(桂林景点、其他游 客的经历);

4.邀请 Jack 来一起游玩。

注意:1.词数 100 左右;2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。





What present does the woman send the man?

A.A little cat.B.A toy car.C.A nice cake.

What kind of person is Stan?

A.He is selfish.B.He is cold.C.He is helpful.

Who will arrive today?


Where does the conversation probably take place?

A.At a station.B.At a restaurant.C.In a library.

Why does the man hold a party?

A.To celebrate the birth of a child.B.To celebrate his buying an old house.

C.To celebrate his moving into a new house.



1.What are the speakers talking about?


2.Which one is painted by George Anderson?

A.The Summer Flowers.B.The Swiss Mountains.C.The Lovely Windows.


1.Why is today a big day for the man?

A.He will get paid.B.He will attend a party.C.He will have a meeting.

2.Which tie does the man decide to wear?

A.The red one.B.The blue one.C.The white one.


1.Where did the woman move when she was young?

A.To America.B.To Mexico.C.To Japan.

2.What will the woman probably do after graduation?

A.Join a company.B.Become a lawyer.C.Run her own hotel.

3.Who is studying management?



1.What are the speakers talking about?

A.How to laugh.B.How to tell jokes.C.How to make people surprised.

2.What makes the woman feel embarrassed (尴尬的)?

A.Her jokes are not appreciated.B.Her friends often laugh at her.

C.Her parents don’t understand her.

3.What does the man suggest to the woman?

A.Laughing Loudly while telling jokes.B.Telling jokes to the right person.

C.Not using body language.

4.What can we learn from the conversation?

A.The woman doesn’t understand her friends at all.

B.When the man tells jokes, his friends seldom laugh.

C.The man is better at telling jokes than the woman.



1.When does the speaker help with cooking?

A.In the morning.B.In the afternoon.C.In the evening.

2.What does the speaker like best?

A.Fishing.B.Telling stories.C.Riding a horse.

3.Why are the other kids often laughing at the speaker?

A.She dropped the hot dogs in the fire.B.She couldn’t ride a horse.

C.She got lost in the forest.

4.How does the speaker find the summer camp?



You may be familiar with the following famous people, but have you heard of their graduation speeches, in which they either share their unforgotten experiences or give you some great inspiration(灵感).

Michael Dell, University of Texas at Austin

And now you’ve accomplished something great and important here, and it’s time for you to move on to what’s next. And you must not let anything prevent you from taking those first steps. … You must also commit to the adventure. Just have faith in the skills and the knowledge you’ve been blessed(赐予) with and go.

J.K. Rowling, Harvard University

Half my lifetime ago, I was striking an uneasy balance between my ambition and the expectation from my parents who were not rich…But what I feared most of myself at your age was not poverty, but failure. The fact that you are graduating from Harvard suggests that you know little about failure, you might be driven by a fear of failure quite as much as a desire for success.

Steve Jobs, Stanford University

Sometimes life’s going to hit you in the head with a brick. Don’t lose faith…Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work, and the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking and don’t settle.

Bill Gates, Harvard University

We need as many people as possible to have access to the advanced technology to lead to a revolution in what human beings can do for one another. They are making it possible not just for national governments, but for universities, smaller organizations, and even individuals to see problems, see approaches and deal with the world’s inequities(不公平) like hunger, poverty, and so on.

1.What Michael Dell said is to encourage us to ________.

A.listen to our heartB.run after our dreams

C.follow others’ exampleD.learn from our mistakes

2.What did J.K. Rowling fear most when she was studying in university?



3.What does Bill Gates suggest people do?

A.Master as much advanced technology as possible.

B.Make contributions to the environment.

C.Work together to solve some global problems.

D.Take responsibility for their own behavior.

Everybody, at some point in their lives, has experienced failure. It could be something as simple as not getting the job you wanted, or getting fewer marks even after hard work. But what makes you is not your failure, but how you get back up after being hit.

Once, a young school boy was caught in a fire accident in his school and was assumed that he would not live. His mother was told that he was sure to die, for the terrible fire had destroyed the lower half of his body. Even if he were to survive, he would be lame throughout his life.

But the brave boy did not want to die nor did he want to be lame. Much to the amazement of the doctor, he did survive. But unfortunately from his waist down, he had no motor ability. His thin legs just hung there, lifeless. Eventually he left the hospital. But his determination to walk was unshakable. At home, when he was not in bed, he had to stay in a wheelchair. One day, he threw himself from the chair and pulled himself across the grass, dragging his legs behind him. He reached the fence, raised himself up and then began dragging himself along the fence, firmly determined. He did this every day, with faith in himself that he would be able to walk unaided. With his iron determination, he did develop the ability to stand up, then to walk on and off, then to walk by himself and then to run.

He began to walk to school, and then run to school, to run for the joy of running. Later in college he was on the track team.

In February 1934, in New York City’s Madison Square Garden, this young man who was not expected to survive, who would surely never walk, who could never hope to run ― this determined young man, Dr. Glenn Cunningham, ran the world’s fastest mile.

A good example of the power of positive(积极的) thinking and faith in oneself, Glenn Cunningham continues to be an inspiration for many, and his story, a brilliant evidence to how one can bounce back even when all difficulties are piled against one, to the degree that death seemed the preferable choice.

1.What was the doctor’s opinion about Glenn?

A.There was a little chance that Glenn could survive.

B.Great determination could make a difference to Glenn.

C.Glenn was able to walk with his own great effort

D.Glenn could live a normal life with the upper half of his body.

2.The underlined word “unaided” means ________.

A.for himselfB.without help

C.with disabilityD.without hesitation

3.What do we know about Glenn?

A.Glenn took recovery exercise in hospital.

B.Glenn inspired people with his moving story.

C.Glenn won the first place in Marathon.

D.Glenn organized a track team in college.

4.What can be a suitable title for the text?

A.Stand up after failureB.Strengthen determination

C.Go after dreamsD.Face difficulty bravely

I came to Rio, Brazil to work one year ago. So what have I found here?

You need to learn Portuguese

I started studying Portuguese about two years ago. I didn’t end up improving my Portuguese as much as I’d hoped before I came here. While Spanish and Portuguese are structurally quite similar, there are huge differences between the two. You can’t just magically understand Brazilians if you speak Spanish.

I didn’t need to bring heels.

Going out in cities like Buenos Aires is a big deal. You get dressed up, you do your hair, and you definitely wear heels―at least if you’re going out to dance. I had no idea how wrong I was. Yes, Rio is a city, but it’s a city on the beach. Of course, there are fancy clubs that probably expect everyone to show up in dress shoes(时装鞋), but most of the places I’ve been to are fine with sneakers, even for dancing.

Learning about pop music is a must.

Whenever I go out and a pop song comes on, every single other person there sings along to all the words. I still haven’t understood if there are only 25 songs that get played in public or if people really do just have a fantastic memory for lyrics, but either way, I wish I’d spent a bit more time practicing Brazilian pop music so I wouldn’t look like such a lost foreigner.

Airplanes are a surprisingly sensitive subject

In Brazil, the credit for modern flight goes to Alberto Santos Dumont. Brazilians say the Wright Brothers’ use of a catapult(飞机弹射器) was technically cheating and point to their man as the real pioneer of the plane. Therefore, be careful before bringing up the subject of planes in Brazil unless you’re ready for a lecture.

1.What can we infer about Brazilians?

A.They are fond of dancing.B.They understand Spanish.

C.They have a good memory.D.They are informally dressed.

2.How did the author react when the others were singing?

A.She felt like an outsider.B.She felt ashamed.

C.She sang along.D.She pretended to be lost.

3.What topic should you avoid in Rio?

A.Pop music.B.Dressing styles.

C.The history of planes.D.Spanish.

4.What’s the author’s purpose in writing the text?

A.To tell us something about Brazil.

B.To give foreigners in Rio some suggestions.

C.To share her life in Rio as a foreigner.

D.To encourage us to learn a foreign language.

Some people state they never forget a face. But what does that saying mean? Is there really no limit to the number of faces a person can remember?

A new study has found that, on average, people can remember as many as 5,000 faces. That number comes from a group of researchers at the University of York in England. There have been many studies recently on facial recognition. But the authors of this study say theirs is the first time that scientists have been able to put a number to the abilities of humans to recognize faces.

During the study, people spent one hour writing down as many faces from their personal lives as possible. Then, they wrote down famous faces they know, such as actors, politicians and other public people. The results showed that the participants knew between 1,000 and 10,000 faces, which is very shocking to the researchers. Rob Jenkins, coauthor of the study, said one explanation about it may be that some people have a natural ability for remembering faces. He also said it could be because of different social environments. Some people may have grown up in more populated places. So they may have had more social contact throughout their lives.

The ability to tell individual people apart is “clearly important.” In today’s modern world of big cities, televisions and social media, we meet thousands of people. Our facial recognition abilities help us to deal with the many different faces we see on the screens, as well as those we know.

The people in the study included 25 men and women. They are between 18 and 61 years old. “It would be interesting to see whether there is a peak age for the number of faces we know”, Jenkins said it is possible that we gather more faces throughout our lifetime. But, he added, there also may be an age at which we start to find it harder to remember all of those faces.

1.How is the study different from the previous ones?

A.It is the first study on facial recognition.

B.It lists the number of faces people can recognize.

C.The study includes participants of all ages.

D.Participants could only recognize faces from personal lives.

2.What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 3 refer to?

A.The difference of social environments.B.People’s natural ability to learn.

C.The wide range of the numbers.D.The necessity of facial recognition.

3.What will the researchers probably focus on after this study?

A.Why older people remember more faces.

B.How our ability to remember faces vary at different ages.

C.Whether people’s ability to remember faces is necessary.

D.When people can remember the most faces.

4.What can be a suitable title for the text?

A.Human Beings Never Forget a FaceB.Face Recognition Benefits Humans

C.The Brain Remembers Thousands of FacesD.The Key to Remembering More Faces


Universities are doing everything they can to become a green campus. But there are also items students can do to make your campus more eco-friendly.

1. Recycle everything, especially paper!

There is a large amount of paper a college student goes through every term.1..We know that these things can’t be avoided, but the way you handle the use of all the paper can really help create a better green campus.

2. Buy green.

2.. Paper, cleaning products and water are products that can be bought as recycled goods. They’re slightly more expensive than the normal products, but it’s worth it to make a green campus.

3. Walk and bike to school.

Most campuses, especially those that are trying to become a more eco-friendly campus, have pretty good public transportation. 3..Walking or biking will help make your campus a green university.

4. 4..

A water bottle can be refilled at any water fountain and can easily be drunk in class or while riding a bike. This will save the environment by decreasing the amount of plastic waste on your campus.

5. Buy used clothing.

It is usually thought of as something to do to save money. 5.. Recycling clothes minimizes the use of resources to make clothing and puts a dent in the problem of worldwide sweatshops.

A. Carry a water bottle.

B. Buy recycled goods as much as possible.

C. It is also good for the environment!

D. Paper made of this kind of wood is much stronger.

E. It includes class notes, term papers, student newspapers and so on.

F. On top of that, almost all universities are pedestrian (步行者) friendly.

G. Universities call on all the students to learn to recycle all the waste paper.


We hired two cabs and visited Abu. We fixed our luggage on top of the _______ and started out. During the journey back, we stopped for a tea. That’s when I noticed _______ that the rope with which the luggage was _______ in one of the carriers had come loose and one of the _______ was missing. It must have _______ somewhere along the way. Although it didn’t contain any _______ things just clothes and some food, we decided to retrace (折返) our steps, driving back four kilometres, _______ the bag. But Luck wasn’ t our friend: We could not _______ it and returned to Ahmedabad unhappy.

After about a(n) _______, one day, while in my office, I got a call from my assistant that a ________ Mr Shah wanted to see me. I called him into my ________ and asked him: “How can we help you?” To which he said, “No, sir. I have not come for any official help. It is a(n) ________ matter. Did you lose your bag?” I told him about the lost bag from Mount Abu a month ago

Then Shah said his side of the ________:“I was driving back to Ahmedabad when I ________ a bag lying by the side of the road. I picked it up and ________ there for an hour or so. Since no one turned up to claim (索要) it, I went to a nearby gas station and gave my ________ to the manager with a request that if someone asked him for the bag my details may be ________. About a month passed. Since I did not hear from anyone, I ________open the lock and found your visiting card, with your ________ and address, inside. So, here I am. I was surprised and quite ________, too. I could not find the right words to express myself. I somehow managed to speak a few sentences, but nearly not enough to express my feelings on his act of kindness.





5.A.taken offB.fallen outC.taken onD.fallen off


7.A.looking forB.running intoC.getting overD.handing out
















Joanna Cole, born on August 11, 1944 in Newark, New Jersey, has been credited to be one of the 1.(popular) children’s authors of all time. She 2.(write) over 250 books so far. Cole has owed a large part of her passion to one of her elementary school teachers.

Joanna Cole continued her education and 3.(final) earned a bachelor’s degree. In 1971 she decided to write her first book cockroaches. She did some research and discovered 4. had never been a book written for children about cockroaches. 5., she thought she would be the first. Cole wrote the first Magic School Bus in 1985. The book would go on to be published the 6.(follow) year and quickly became book series and cartoon series due to its 7.(succeed).

Cole writes in a way that will hopefully inspire children 8.(think) like a scientist. She does this by writing ideas instead of just facts. She also tries to ask questions in her books 9. require children to think and discover the answers as they read. This creates 10. engaging experience for children, so it is no wonder why younger readers are interested in her books.




删除:把多余的.词用斜线 ( / ) 划掉。




Dear Bill,

I’m glad to receive your letter. Thank you for your caring for the weather or my health. Now I’d like to tell you anything about the smog.

Since last winter, the smog has been occurred a lot of times. It has done great harm to our daily life―a great number people got sick; many traffic accidents happened and quite lots of flights had to be put up. Luckily, people have realized the serious harm causing by the smog and the importance of protecting the environment. People all over the country are taking measure to reduce the smog. As for me, I will go to school by bike or on foot, and I would not throw the waste anywhere. Beside, I will tell people around to try their best to protect the environment. Would you like to tell me some other good ideas?

Looking forward to receive your reply.


假如你是李华,想邀请你的朋友John在周六晚上去观看科幻电影 The Wandering Earth,请用英语给他写一封邮件,内容包括:








Looking forward to your reply.


Li Hua


为了激发同学们的想象力和对未来生活的猜想,你校的英语报开办了专栏Future Life。请你根据以下提示为专栏撰稿,介绍一下你想象中的未来的汽车:











Oxford and Cambridge Tour

What included

Walking tour of Oxford and Cambridge

a visit to Christ Church College

Free lunch pack

Air-conditioned buses

Walking tour of Oxford

Follow the footsteps of Oxford’s famous students, from C.S. Lewis to Bill Clinton, as you walk the beautiful college courtyards of this historic university town. See the Bodleian Library, which is one of the oldest libraries in Europe on your visit. You’ll be attracted by the squares of this naturally beautiful town.

Christ Church

Christ Church is known as one of the major places for the harry Potter films! You will be surprised at the magical grandeur (壮丽) of the Great Hall, used as the setting for Hogwarts.

Senate House

Once you’ve left Oxford, you’ll make your way to the beautiful city of Cambridge. It’s here that you will visit Senate House at the world-famous University of Cambridge. It used to be the Council of the senate for important meetings, but it is now the chosen place for students’ degree celebration. You’ll get to travel this special place and discover its important history.

Please Note:

You must bring the e-ticket to enter this tour.

Bookings which are made after midnight for the same day will not include a free lunch pack.

During busy periods, buses without Wi-Fi may be used.


April 1 to October 31

Days of departure Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday

Check-in: 8:00 am

Departure: 8:30 am

Return: 7:00 pm

1.Which of the following is included in the tour

A.Free breakfast pack.B.Free buses travelling in Oxford.

C.Professors introduction.D.Air-conditioned buses.

2.What is Christ Church famous for

A.The place that Bill Clinton once visited.

B.Footsteps of Oxford’ s famous students.

C.A major place for the harry potter films.

D.Many beautiful squares.

3.What will happen if you book the trip after midnight for the same day

A.You won t get free lunch.

B.You ll pay more for the trip.

C.You don’t need to bring the e-ticket.

D.You’ll take buses without Wi-Fi.

I still remember a lovely girl, though I don’t know her name.

We met in the Children’s Hospital. I was 11. I was born with a hole in my heart. So was the five-year-old girl in the bed beside me. We were both recovering from the same operation. Because I was older and wiser, I thought it was my job to look after her. “Do you want to hear a story” I asked her one afternoon. “Great!” she said.

It was so easy to make her happy. She seemed always to be smiling or singing songs.

Life wasn’t fair. She passed away. My recovery went well. “You’re really lucky”, a nurse told me. “But how come my operation was so easy and hers wasn’t” I asked. “Easy” my dad said. “David, your operation wasn’t easy at all. we thought we were going to lose you. For two weeks after your operation many things could go wrong. You’re really lucky. When you were in the coma (昏迷), she used to come over to your bed and sing to you. She was watching over you.” my dad said.

My surgery scars (手术疤痕) are hidden under my shirt along with the memory of that kind little girl. She will be at my side like a small angel (hi). I am old and wise enough now to know that I have an angel watching over me whenever life is fair or unfair.

1.Why did the writer look after the little girl

A.He thought it was his duty.B.Her parents were busy.

C.She wanted to hear stories.D.She was his best friend.

2.What was the girls character like



3.What can we learn about the writer

A.He stayed in hospital for a short time.

B.It was easy for him to recover from illness.

C.A nurse in the hospital said he was unlucky.

D.He treasures the memory of that little girl.

4.What makes the writer still remember the girl

A.Her death.B.her dancing.

C.Her kindness.D.Her growth.

It’s reported that scientists in London have found the best diet for both humans and the planet.

If the world followed the so-called “planetary health” diet, each year more than ll million early deaths could be avoided according to the scientists. For the health of the planet, they say the same diet will reduce (减少) greenhouse gases and save more land, water and animals. This new food plan is the result of a three-year project organized by The Lancet health journal.

Tim Lang, a professor at Britain’s University of London. He said, “The food we eat and how we produce it decide the health of people and the planet.” Lang added, The world’s population is expected to grow to 10 billion people by 20xx. If we want to feed everyone, we all need to change what we eat and the way we eat by improving food production and reducing food waste”. So, what do you eat on the “planetary health” diet

The scientists who created the “planetary health” diet say it is largely plant-based but still has a little milk, fish and meat. The diet calls for cutting down red meat and sugar by 50 percent and increasing nuts, fruits, and vegetable.

Walter Willet of Harvard University in the United States also talked about the “planetary health” diet. He said, “More than 800 million people around the world do not get enough food while many more people have very unhealthy diets.”

The scientists think it difficult to reach their aim. But for them, doing nothing is also not a choice Willet said, “If we can’t make the best diet, it’s better to try and get as close as we can.”

1.What decides the health of people and the planet according to Tim Lang

A.The taste of the food.

B.The number of population.

C.The climate and our living conditions.

D.The food we eat and the way we produce it.

2.What does the “planetary health” diet mainly contain



3.What do scientists say about the “planetary health” diet

A.It is very easy to produce it.

B.It is better to try their best to make it.

C.It is better to do nothing than fail.

D.It is impossible to make it.

4.What is the best title for the text

A.Humans Health Is Very Important.

B.Many People don’t Get Enough Food.

C.A New Kind of diet may Save the Plane.

D.Different People have Different Eating Habits.

About 10 percent of public school students in the United States learn English as a second language. In some states, that number is much higher. About five million students in the country are considered English language learners, or ELLs. Such students are the fast-growing group in the US public schools.

The most commonly first spoken languages among ELLs in America are Spanish, Arabic, Chinese, Haitian Creole and Vietnamese. Speakers of those five languages make up 92 percent of all ELLs included in the report.

English language learners can choose one of several kinds o1 program. There are some programs, in which students are mostly taught in their native language. And there are other programs, which offer students almost all classroom teaching in English. However, These kinds of programs do not always allow students to write and read in their native language.

There are also so-called bilingual programs. These programs offer teaching in two languages-English and another language. Research has shown that English language learners do best in bilingual programs, especially if the second language is their native language.

The lack of high-quality bilingual programs is clear. Nationally, about 83 percent of students complete their high school education. But the graduation rate (比率) among English language learners is far lower 65 percent.

School systems across the country sometimes look for bilingual educators internationally. But education experts say there are ways for states to find and train new teachers in their own areas. This spring, America came up with a list of “grow your own” rules for schools and states to follow. It advised states to offer a series of ways for bilingual teachers. It also suggested training bilingual teachers in their own areas even if they do not have a college degree.

1.What can we learn about English from paragraph 1

A.It is difficult for most students.

B.It is popular as a second language in American public schools.

C.It is easy for foreign students.

D.It is not welcome by public school students.

2.How many types of programs for English language learners are mentioned in the text



3.What does the underlined word “bilingual” in paragraph 4 mean

A.Learning one language.B.Using two languages.


4.Where is the text probably from

A.An educational magazine.B.A maths paper.

C.A diary.D.a storybook.


Our family enjoyed a beautiful house plant for over thirty years. It had stayed with us through ________ years and good times, pain and joy. I had never thought of ________ it.

However, two weeks ago, we ________ some changes of its leaves, which began to lose its color. We watered and looked after it even to the point of ________ it, like a child. But it just showed no sign of ________. We finally picked a few almost dead leaves and ________ replanting them in another small pot.

What ________ us was that these leaves which had been planted in the new pot grew strong. In order to know the reason ________ the house plant died, we dug the dead plant out of the pot Then, it became ________ to us―its roots (树根) were in disorder, completely tangling up (绞在一起). They had grown so massive (大量的) that they ________ the sides of the pot. Our once-beautiful plant ________ because it grew out of its environment―it became root-bound (根满盆的).

People can become root-bound, too. Those who ________ personal growth or development often want to make ________ that can lead to greater achievements (成就) or much more happiness. However, they more often ________ they outgrow their environment and want to ________. Their views become larger and they need ________ environment to live in. They need people who will make ________ for their growth. If they cannot be ________, some problems are sure to appear.

So if your new-found growth ________ you to push against the old ways, you may need to ________ you are bigger now.












12.A.depend onB.look forC.wait forD.turn down



15.A.take offB.fall downC.calm downD.set off








I gave one of my favorite sun hats recently to a friend Jack who had been looking for one like mine for several 1. (week). I found it online and had it sent to him for his birthday.

Later, I 2. (lose)my own and I was upset! That hat had traveled everywhere with me. But then a 3. (difference) friend came back from his trip to the Philippines. 4. did he give me as a giftA sun hat!

I want to host my friends and cook a dinner for the large group this week. 5. (fortunate), I have the chance to cook for a large group of people in my life. I enjoy 6. (learn) a few new recipes (食谱) on my own, shopping for the food, and cooking for them. Just today, I hiked with Jack and when we said goodbye, he took a box of food out and he wanted me 7. (have) them. There were all kinds of potatoes, onions, pears, apples and peaches. Those foods can be ready for the large group of my friends. Jack didn’t attend my party nor did he know about 8. dinner this week, and he didn’t do it 9. purpose. What an unexpected thing! Since then, Jack and I have been 10. (close) than ever.



1.You don’t sound very ________ (热情的) about the idea.

2.I believed that the world was not ________ (创造) by God.

3.The school has decided to take a different a_______________ to discipline.

4.The dish washing machine is a useful piece of e_______________ for the kitchen.

5.My ________ (助理) is clever and today he’ll show the machine in action.


假定你是李华,请给你的英国朋友 Peter写封信,谈谈你在高中的学习情况,内容包括:

1. 一件在高中学习中令你印象深刻的事情;

2. 个人对高中学习的感想和展望。

注意:1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Peter,



Li Hua















A.20m B.40m C.80m D.90m


A.35m B.63m C.15m D.80m







A.162.5m B.40m C.50m D.37.5m







8、做直线运动的质点a和b的速度图线如图所示,已知t=0时刻它们处于同一位置,则下列说法不正确的是( )





9、一物体由静止沿光滑的斜面匀加速下滑距离为 L时,速度为v,当它的速度是v/2时,它沿斜面下滑的距离是 [ ]

C.L/4 D.3L/4

10.物体沿一直线做加速运动,从开始计时起,第1s内位移是1m,第2s内的位移是2m,第3s内的位移是3m,第4s内位移是4m,由此可知( )

A、此物体一定做匀加速直线运动 B、此物体的初速度一定为0

C、此物体的加速度一定是1m/s2 D、此物体在前4s内的平均速度一定是2.5m/s


11、如图所示是A、B、C三个物体运动的速度时间图象,从图可知( )





12、下列速度中,是瞬时速度的是( )











A.位移; B.加速度; C.经历时间; D.平均速度。

15、根据打点计时器打出的纸带,我们可以从纸带上直接得到物理量是( )

A、时间间隔 B、位移 C、加速度 D、瞬时速度ks5u

本文导航 1、首页2、非选择题


16、在用图象法处理实验数据时,为了减少误差 ( )






①打点计时器 ②天平③低压交流电源 ④低压直流电源 ⑤细绳和纸带

⑥钩码和小车 ⑦秒表 ⑧一端有滑轮的长木板 ⑨刻度尺

18、如图所示,某同学在做研究匀变速直线运动实验中,由打点计时器得到表示小车运动过程的"一条清晰纸带,纸带上两相邻计数点的时间间隔为T=0.20s,其中S1=7.05cm,S2=7.68cm,S3=8.33cm,S4=8.95cm,S5=9.61cm,S6=10.26cm,则A点的瞬时速度大小是 m/s(保留2位有效数字),小车运动的加速度计算表达式是____________,加速度大小为_______________ m/s2 (保留2位有效数字)。



20、 (12分)做匀加速直线运动的物体,先后经过A、B两点,已知在A点时的速度VA=1m/s,在B点时的速度是VB=7m/s。求:物体经过A、B中点的速度?在A、B中间时刻的速度?


求: (1)经过多少时间落到地面?




1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10



11 12 13 14 15



16 BD 17 ②④⑦ 18 0.37; ; 0.16m/s2


19、(9分)、解:a= = =2m/s2 (3分)

(1619)秒内:a= = = -4m/s2 (3分)

18秒末:V=V +at=12-42=4m/s (3分)ks5u

20、(12分) (2分) (2分)V中点= (2分) V中点= =5m/s (2分) V中间= (2分) V中间= =4m/s(2分)

21、(12分)解:(1)h= (2分) t= = =8秒 (2分)

(2)h= (2分) h= 1012=5米(2分)ks5u

h= = 10(8-1)2=245米 (2分) △h=320-245=75m(2分)















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